The discovery that the proteome is encoded in the DNA and the determination of the genetic code, the structure of DNA, provides an optimism of DNA-determinism from the purely scientific side. One cannot fully separate this DNA-centric thinking from the race theories that have produced political orders in the past few centuries, the most scarring of which is perhaps the racism of Hitler’s Germany but with continued presence today under political, religious, or even scientific guises. There is a certain attraction of DNA-determinism, as the DNA maps are concrete and it is tempting to seek the secrets of the history of life in these, assuming the narrowing of the forces affecting life to that of coupling and a Darwinian survival of the fittest. The DNA-determinism has this extremely narrow mythology of evolution in its foundation.
But the actual universe has four macroscopic spatial dimensions, and therefore the principles of a DNA-mythology is insufficient to understand life as well as consciousness. There are clearly DNA-determinism in the mundane scale, as there are much-studied hereditary diseases such as Down syndrome or cystic fibrosis. But the universe itself is four dimensional and the determinism of DNA, to whatever extent it holds, is overwhelmed by metaphysical drama that we can only dimly perceive, and have yet to formulate a clear physical theory to account for.
This seems a bit vague and insufficient to challenge the concrete claims of the DNA-determinists who can always point to the concrete knowledge of the DNA, but a sufficient argument is provided as follows: we show first that the universe is a four dimensional sphere of fixed radius governed by a single force of SU(2) electromagnetism and then we argue that there exist a class of scientific theories about the phenomena of life that is four dimensional and metaphysical. In physics, an extremely successful effort had produced in the established science a preliminary description of the fundamental forces of nature via the principle of least action. It is a remarkable feature of the currently accepted Standard Model that Lagrangians with local invariance are able to describe what are believed to be some of the fundamental forces. Guided by this success, there has been an attempt to providing the laws of biological life by the Darwinian principles of selection applied to DNA and genes. But here the optimism for a correct theory is overblown because we have a gigantic spectrum of human behavior which violates these sorts of principles. It is worthwhile even to make the simple speculation once the universe is known to be eternal and spherical: that self-aware consciousness is also eternal and therefore that there is an ocean of possibilities that separate the physical laws from the laws of life and consciousness.